The region is likely the most exciting part of Iowa, featuring numerous bluffs and deep valleys for its entirety.
There are many creeks and rivers which flow towards the Mississippi River. Major rivers include the Upper Iowa, Cedar and Wapsipinicon.
The region is rather rural, with Waterloo being the largest city at 68,000 (2013).
Major cities include Waterloo, Independance, Dubuque, and Decorah.